Bone Cancer Treatment
A multidisciplinary team of doctors including an orthopedic surgeon, a clinical oncologist, a radiation oncologist and trained cancer nurses will manage your treatment at a specialized center.
Your treatment plan will depend on the type, grade, and stage of cancer. Also, your age and the overall health are also given a major consideration before finalizing the treatment plan. Following treatment modalities are used for bone cancer treatment. Your doctor may use one or more of them depending on your condition:
- Radiation therapy
- Biological therapy
Surgery is the most common treatment modality used in case of bone cancer either alone or in combination with other modalities. Nowadays doctors try to do a limb-sparing surgery but many patients will require an amputation surgery only.
It is a boon for patients and with this surgery, the doctor will remove only the cancerous growth along with the surrounding tissue which cancer cells might have invaded. The possibility of this surgery depends on the stage of cancer. In this case, after removal of the cancerous bone, an artificial metal rod or a prosthesis of biocompatible material is used to join the two ends. In some cases, bone is harvested from some other part of the body and used for this purpose. In the cases, where cancerous growth involves joints like knee or hip joint, a knee replacement surgery or hip replacement surgery is done along with this surgery.
Amputation if the bone is required in the following cases:
- If the cancerous cells have already invaded the major blood vessels and nerves in the region. Or the growth of cancer is so extensive that the limb cannot be saved.
- If after the limb-sparing surgery, the prosthesis has been rejected by the body and the infection has occurred.
- If the cancerous growth is in the part of the bone like ankle, where limb-sparing surgery is not feasible.
It always comes as a big shock to patients if they have to get an amputation.So, the team of doctors can arrange a supportive therapy if required. These days, even after amputation, patients can lead an almost normal life with advanced prosthetic artificial legs. They can even run, dance and walk with the newly advanced prosthesis.
Recovery after surgery
Involves many physiotherapy sessions and occupational therapy to teach you to cope up with day to day situations after an amputation or a limb-sparing surgery.
It is usually given before this surgery to shrink the size of the tumor. It can also be given in combination with radiotherapy before surgery. It is given in some aggressive types of cancers after surgery to prevent cancer from coming back. Or else, if the cancer is not curable, chemotherapy is used to limit it and reduce symptoms. Chemotherapy usually involves a combination of drugs given IV. The treatment is given in cycles. The patient receives these drugs for a few days and then these are stopped for the body to have a normal count of cells again and then it is given again.
Common side effects of chemotherapy are because of its damage to normal as well as cancerous cells. They are:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Temporary Hair loss
- Risk of getting infections
It is given either before or after the surgery. Radiotherapy involves the use of high beam radiation to kill the cancer cells. It is usually given in daily sessions given five days a week. Side effects of radiotherapy include:
- Reddened skin
- Feeling sick
- Joint pain the radiated part
- Hair loss
Other therapies include cryosurgery, biologic therapy etc.
Cost of Cancer Treatment
Due to our long-standing association, we are able to ensure lowest treatment cost for our patients for cancer diagnosis and treatment. We ensure treatment through most advanced LINAC i.e. TrueBeam. At the same time, our rates are lowest in India.
- Cost of PET Scan is USD 200
- Any Cancer Surgery will be provided within USD 4500 - 6000
- Chemotherapy per cycle: USD 450
- Radiation Treatment : USD 2500 - 5000