Liver Cancer Treatment
The Liver is the largest organ in the human body and is located on the right side. The liver is an organ with a number of functions in the body. To name some:
- Secretion of bile to digest fats
- Digestion and storage of many nutrients
- Manufactures clotting factors
- Eliminates toxins
So, a person with liver cancer faces a lot of problems and has many signs and symptoms relating to the problems with these functions.
What is Liver cancer?
Liver cancer is a condition where the normal cells start behaving abnormal and change in appearance and behavior is noted. This type of cancer can be:
Primary in origin: started from the liver cells itself.
Secondary in origin: which is metastatic cancer and the cells have migrated from primary cancer in a distant organ.
Decisions about your treatment
A multidisciplinary team will assess your case and according to various factors like size and extent of cancer, your age and health conditions, decide a treatment plan for you. In less aggressive cancers, this team will plan a cure for you but in more aggressive and highly spread cancers, it is important to know that they will try to only relieve you of any additional difficulties like pain, obstruction, and bleeding. The treatment planning usually depends on:
- Your age
- Type of cancer
- Extent or stage of cancer
- Abnormality of cells seen microscopically
- Your general health and fitness
The main treatments available for liver cancer include:
- Surgical resection of the cancer
- Liver transplant
- Biological therapy
- Radiofrequency ablation
- Chemoembolisation which involves chemotherapy directly to liver in case of primary liver cancer
Treatment based on the stage of cancer
Surgery is the best option if it can be done. Some underlying medical conditions may limit the use of surgical modality in some cases.
Surgical removal of cancer
It is the treatment of choice in primary liver cancers. In the surgery, the surgical oncologist removes the part of the liver which is cancerous and the healthy part is left behind. This treatment is performed in cases where cirrhosis is not present.
Fibrolamellar hepatocellular cancer is removed by surgery as it develops in people without cirrhosis mostly.
It is an option for people who have an unhealthy liver. It involves looking for a donor match and then transplanting the liver from them. In patients in which after surgical resection of the cancerous liver, the remaining part is not healthy enough to function on its own, liver transplant is vital.
But it involves a meticulous surgery and patient’s health and fitness have to be assessed. If you are very seriously ill, you might not be able to survive the surgery that involves liver transplant. Also, finding a donor usually takes months. So, during the time other therapies like chemo and radiotherapy are tried.
Transplantation is usually done in patients
- Patients who have a single liver tumor which is <=5cm across
- Patients who have up to five tumors <= 3cm across
- Patients who have a single tumor of 5-7 cm but has not grown from last 6 months
Doctors will properly assess the patient before a liver transplant to increase the success rates.
In cases where the stage of cancer does not permit surgical resection, following treatments are tried:
- Alcohol injections into the tumor
- Microwave ablation
- Radiofrequency ablation
- Biological therapy with sorafenib
Advanced or metastatic cancer
In these cases, the treatment plan is to aid in removing your symptoms. Sometimes people with liver cancer develop ascites and the doctor might prescribe diuretics to drain some fluid away.
Cost of Cancer Treatment
Due to our long-standing association, we are able to ensure lowest treatment cost for our patients for cancer diagnosis and treatment. We ensure treatment through most advanced LINAC i.e. TrueBeam. At the same time, our rates are lowest in India.
- Cost of PET Scan is USD 200
- Any Cancer Surgery will be provided within USD 4500 - 6000
- Chemotherapy per cycle: USD 450
- Radiation Treatment : USD 2500 - 5000