Stem Cell Treatment for Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system starts attacking the components of the myelin sheath. Myelin sheath is an insulator for the neurons helping them in proper communication with each other.
When the immune system attacks the myelin, it completely destroys or disrupts the neurotransmission of the message from and to the brain. The communication either completely stops or slows down depending on the damage. This leads to a varying degree of symptoms in the patients including small early symptoms like fatigue, pain, tingling sensation in the body, numbness, etc. which later on increases into more severe symptoms like problem in balancing, inability to form proper words, poor body coordination, inability to think, sexual problems and much more.
The stem cells have the ability to generate and regenerate themselves into any kind of cell in the body. This property of stem cells is used in the treatment of Multiple Sclerosis. These stem cells are injected into the body to repair the myelin and restart the neurotransmission to and from the brain.
How Does It Work?
As explained above, the property of the stem cells to differentiate into any type of cells is used in this process. In the case of Multiple Sclerosis, there are two problems at hand that need to be treated. One is the immune system that has started working against the body and the other is the damaged myelin sheath. The stem cells are introduced into two parts of the body.
The first step is to introduce mesenchymal stem cells derived from the adipose tissues are introduced in order to repair the immune system and stop it from attacking its own body. This process is called immunomodulation.
After this is achieved, the stem cells are introduced into the blood and brain barrier. The stem cells develop into myelin sheath cells and repair the damaged portions. This process is called remyelination.
The stem cells for this procedure are derived usually from the umbilical cord of the mother after testing her for all the diseases. These cells are then preserved and used in the case of diseases like this. For the patient whose umbilical cord stem cells are not available, bone marrow-derived stem cells are used in their treatment. The cells are taken and purified in the laboratories so that they do not start attacking the body again. They are then injected into the patient’s body.
Since the cells from the person’s own body are used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis, there are no major side effects of the treatment. Some small side effects such as swelling, redness or pain in the area of the treatment are possible. These can be treated easily within a week of the procedure. People might feel a little pain during the injection process of the stem cells or the extraction of the stem cells. The pain relievers are not used but in the patients that are in need, mild pain relievers are given.
Preparations for The Stem Cell Treatment
A few tests are done in order to confirm and know the severity of the disease involving a few blood tests and full body examinations. The patient's coordination is observed by the doctor to know how much damage has already been done. In addition to this, before the actual procedure begins, the stem cells are extracted from the body of the patients. This takes a session and might be painful in some cases. The patients are even given some medicines about 15 days back to increase their stem cell counts. Apart from these, the patients are usually informed by the doctors about any special preparations for the treatment.
What To Expect After?
After the procedure is complete, the patient can expect some swelling or pain in the treated area. The patient will be called to the hospital for regular follow-up sessions. These are very important since they help the doctors know about the changes and improvements in the patient’s body. These also let the doctors know about any unfortunate complexities that have developed in the body of the patient. There might be some physical therapy sessions to improve hand to body coordination and speech therapies etc.
The stem cell treatments for multiple sclerosis has been proved to show positive results in most of the patients. The patients have been seen to have improved balance, thinking, speech and much more. The treatment has been successful in stopping the progression of the disease and also in reversing of the disabilities.
Treatment Possible works it out
In order to come out successfully with best results, our team works with utmost dedication and care. Not only do we arrange patient's association with the country's best clinicians but also workout arrangements with the top-notch super specialty hospitals. Starting with the basic patient and family education about the disease and procedure, we work out cost-effective plans with informed consent.
An individual Case Manager is specifically allotted to each patient who responsibly takes up the case from the beginning to the end. You can look for free consultations with the most experienced Doctors who have been working with successful results. Right from travel arrangements to the details of the stay will be organized in order to make the experience hassle-free for the patients and their families.