Kyphoplasty is a type of spine surgery that is used to treat the fracture of the spine. The procedure involves injecting cement into the vertebrae to heal it and increase stability.

It is a minimally invasive procedure that is very effective in reducing back pain, making sure that there is no further collapse of the fractured spine.

In addition to this, Kyphoplasty is done for making the alignments and postures even better than before. The spine is a very delicate set of bones that are stacked on top of each other attached to discs.

In the case of an injury or a sudden jerk, it is very common to break or damage the vertebrae or the vertebral disc. Since the vertebrae are attached to each other, a fracture in one of them can lead to the ineffectiveness of the others as well.

The spinal canal also has spinal nerves that are responsible for sending and receiving signals to and from the brain. The fracture can possibly damage these nerves as well as cause other deformities in the body. Hence surgical treatments are opted for.

How does it work? 
A small incision is made at the place of the fracture and a narrow tube is inserted through that incision to dilate and separate the muscles. Fluoroscopy is used as a guiding technique to create a well-lit path for the surgeon.

The surgeon now inserts a balloon into the tube that gets into the vertebrae. This balloon is then inflated and this elevates the fractured vertebrae. The fractured piece is returned to its normal position. The balloon is then removed and an injection is used to fill the cavity with some cement-like material. This material is known as PMMA. After this, the incision is stitched back to normal.

Side Effects 
There are a few small and big risks involved with Kyphoplasty like every other surgery. The risks include:
●  Pain in the operated area.
●  Nerve damage or a muscle damage.
●  Damage to the spinal cord due to the wrong positioning of the instruments.
●  Leakage of the cement to the veins or the other areas surrounding the damaged vertebrae.
●  Allergic reaction to the chemicals used in the procedure.
●  Bleeding in the operated area.
●  Scarring of the operated area.
●  Inability to move a body part due to the nerve damage.

A few tests such as MRI, CT scan and X-Rays are done on the patient to accurately determine the area of the fracture and the severity of the injury. Some patients that have osteoporosis are not eligible for this treatment. In addition to this, the smokers have to quit smoking at least a month before the surgery.

What to expect after? 
The procedure takes about an hour for each vertebra that needs to be fixed. The patient has to lie on their back for about an hour to let the cement dry out. After this, they are kept under observation for some time and are released in 24 hours.The maximum amount of time that has to be spent in the hospital is 24 to 48 hours.

There is an instant pain relief in most of the patients and the patients can return to their daily activities in 2 weeks. However, any heavy or high-intensity activities have to be avoided for 6 weeks.
The regular follow-up sessions need to be taken up to see the improvement and to make sure there are no further complications.

The results of Kyphoplasty are mostly positive and are very effective. The recovery time is short and also helps improve alignment in the patient.

Minimally Invasive Kyphoplasty Surgery Cost 
Surgeons in India specialize in Minimally Invasive Kyphoplasty Surgery. Hospitals are equipped with OT that are compatible with instrumental surgery. Spine surgery in India as usual. Post surgery hospital stay is for 2-3 days due to small incision and bloodless surgery. The cost of spine surgery is in the range of USD 3000-4000 excluding the cost of the implant is required.

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