Endoscopic Spine Surgery

Verified By: Dr. Akhil Tawari (MBBS, MS (Orthopedics), DNB (Orthopedics), and D-Ortho)

What is Endoscopic Spine Surgery?

Endoscopic Spine Surgery is a type of surgery that requires minimum invasion to treat the underlying spine problems and spine and neck conditions. Unlike the open spinal surgery, where a 4 to 6-inch area of skin is cut open by a spine surgeon and the muscles are moved in order for the surgeon to have a better look at the affected area, this minimally invasive surgery makes use of a tubular retractor that is inserted into the spine for the spine surgeon to operate. 

This surgical procedure is performed as the last resort when all the procedures like physiotherapy and medicines fail to treat the underlying conditions. The main procedures that are involved in this treatment are the tubular method, endoscopic method, and mini-open method.

The most common types of Endoscopic Spine Surgery are:

  • Lumbar Discectomy
  • Lumbar Fusion

How is the Endoscopic Spine Surgery Performed?

The basic technique behind the Endoscopic Spine Surgery procedure is that a device is used to create a small incision at the place that needs to be operated.

Step 1 – A tubular retractor is fit into the incision. It separates the muscles and lets the surgeon have a proper look at the area he is operating. In some cases, more than one incision is required.

Step 2 – Any bone or extra material is taken out through this tube and the equipment to be inserted is also sent through this retractor tube.

Step 3 – Fluoroscopy is a technique that lets the surgeon see the real-time image of the spine on the screen while operating on it. A microscope is also used to magnify the view as well.

Step 4 – After the medical procedure is done, the retractor is removed and the area is stitched back.

The main aim of the surgery is to cause the least muscle damage while completely treating the condition.

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Why is Endoscopic Spine Surgery Required?

Spine Surgery is done to treat spinal diseases and medical conditions like:

  • Herniated disc – Herniated slipped disc surgery
  • Spinal stenosis – Spine decompression surgery
  • Spinal fractures  & spinal cord compression – Spinal cord Injury treatment
  • Degenerative disc disease – Spinal decompression surgery
  • Scoliosis – Spine curvature treatment
  • Spinal Tumor – Laser Spine Surgery
  • Spinal Arthritis – Cervical Spine Surgery
  • Spinal nerve issues and permanent nerve damage also can be treated by Spine surgery.

What are the Side Effects of Spine Surgery?

There are a side effects and complications that can arise after spine surgery.

  • Bleeding – Some patients experience minor bleeding in the operated area. However, this is not significant.
  • Infections– There is a risk of infections after every surgery, so antibiotics are given to reduce the risk. Sometimes, infections do occur and should be treated as soon as possible.
  • Nerve damage – Sometimes during the operations, a blood vessel or nerve gets damaged. However, this is a very rare phenomenon.
  • Pseudarthrosis – Pseudarthrosis is a condition in which there is an abnormal formation of the bones. This usually happens to the chain-smokers. A second surgery has to be done to cure this defect and ensure bone healing.
  • Blood Clots – This is another risk that happens because of damaged blood vessels and nerves. A blood clot might get formed in the legs. If not treated on time, these clots can break and travel up to the lungs.
  • Pre-surgery conditions – In some patients, the symptoms that they experienced before the operation do not completely go, and keep recurring from time to time.

What is the Preparation Required for Endoscopic Spine Surgery?

A medical evaluation is required before surgical treatment. The patient is asked to get tests like MRI, X-Ray, and CT Scans. These medical reports help the doctors to determine the area where the surgery has to be done and also takes care of the general examination before surgery. 

Apart from these tests, a few discussions and online sessions that help to determine the actual plan of operation is held with the patient by the specialized surgeons. 

The hospital patients are given general anesthesia before the operation to lessen the pain.

What to expect after Spine Surgery?

After the spinal surgery, the patients are usually kept in the hospital for about a couple of days. However, if there is proper care available at home, the patients can be sent back the next day of the operation. The patients are not allowed to start work or do any strenuous activities for about a week or two.

The patient usually does not feel a lot of postoperative pain. However, some mild pain medications are prescribed in most cases for back pain or unexpected spinal problems. The time required to completely heal depends on the type of procedure performed. The total recovery can take up to several months.

The patients also have to go for regular physiotherapy sessions for rapid recovery. These sessions usually start a month after the completion of the surgery.

Endoscopic Spine Surgery at Treatment Possible:

Treatment Possible is associated with Top Spine Surgeon in India who are specialized in spine surgery. We work with the best spine surgery hospital in India that are equipped with OT that are compatible for complex spine surgeries. Treatment Possible also associate with the best spine specialist in India who are experienced in operating complex spine surgeries.

The spine surgery cost ranges from USD 2000-2500 excluding the spine implant cost in India. The spine surgery cost in India through Treatment Possible can be 10-20% lower than similar hospitals in India and 50-60% cheaper in other countries. Treatment Possible ensures the best spine hospitals in India while guaranteeing the best yet affordable surgery cost. Our understanding of the Indian Medical Services, Healthcare market and our valued relations with the best spine surgeon in India enables us to provide the spine surgery in India at a price that is reasonable, affordable and transparent. 

Get Free Consultation with the Top 10  Spine Surgeon in India with the hassle-free setup of post-operative recovery care, medical travel & stay during the medical treatment. You can also send your medical reports for Spine Surgery to care@treatmentpossible.com for free opinions and suggestions from the India best spine surgeon. No matter what the health condition, you always get good healthcare options and cost advantage from Treatment Possible!

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