What is Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery?
Oral and maxillofacial surgery focuses on reconstructive surgery of the face, the oral cavity, head and neck, mouth, and jaws, as well as facial cosmetic surgery.
The role of an Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon would be as follows:
- To diagnose and treat congenital and acquired diseases and deformities across four major parts of the body: the neck, face, jaw, and mouth.
- They focus on treating hard and soft tissues like gums and jawbone and parts of the neck.
- To treat children who are born with or develop deformities of their skull or face including cleft lip/palate. They also treat adults who require surgery following an injury or accident.
What is involved in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeries?
- Head and neck cancer – Removal of benign and malignant tumors and subsequent reconstruction, including micro-vascualar free tissue transfer.
- Surgery for Craniofacial Deformity – complex craniofacial fractures, fractures of the lower jaw, upper jaw, cheekbone, nose, and soft tissue injuries of the mouth, face and neck
- Oral and Maxillofacial – surgery of the teeth (including implants), temporomandibular joints, salivary glands and facial skin lesions.
- Oral Medicine – Management of conditions in and around the cervico-facial structures.
- Craniofacial Trauma – treatment of soft and hard tissue injuries of the facial structures.
- Cosmetic surgery – surgery to enhance the facial appearance such as face lifts, eyelid and brow surgery and reconstruction of the nose (rhinoplasty)
- Orthognathic surgery – Removal of cysts and tumors from the jaws
- Pre-implant surgery – The use of implants to retain facial or dental prostheses and associated bone grafting techniques.
- Removal of benign and malignant lesions from the salivary glands.
- Removal of complex facial skin tumors with reconstruction
What are the major operations of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeries?
A range of oral and maxillofacial surgical operations are carried out on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia include: pre-implant surgery placement of dental implants, removal of impacted teeth, intra-oral and facial soft tissue procedures. But the following major operations are carried out on an inpatient basis, under general anesthesia.
Head and Neck Cancer
Orofacial cancer is fatal if left untreated. It begins with a rough patch, lump or ulcer which develops on the tongue or on the floor of the mouth. These lesions usually tend to spread to the lymph nodes in the neck and the patient usually requires surgical resection of the tumor, followed by reconstructive surgery and rehabilitation.
Corrective Jaw (Orthognathic) Surgery
Orthognathic surgery is a surgery to create straight jaws and to restore normal facial appearance. The bones of the face and jaw will be reshaped and adjusted, and the jaws and teeth will be realigned.
Cleft and Craniofacial surgery
This condition affects the hard and soft tissue in the face and head. The craniofacial conditions include the following:
- Craniosynostoses – The premature closing of the joints between the bones in a baby’s skull
- Craniofacial dysotosis syndromes – This condition causes the skull to form a tall, wide shape.
- Cranio-facial clefts – a large group of defects like cleft lip and palate to extensive clefts with significant malformation.
All of the above conditions involve a multidisciplinary team that combines neurosurgery and maxillofacial reconstruction.
This refers to the problems involving the teeth and the tissue that surrounds them. The procedure includes the following:
- Surgical removal of teeth due to decay
- Removal of wisdom teeth
- Removal of cysts in the jaw
- Tooth transplantation, where a buried or impacted tooth will be removed and repositioned to fill a gap created by a lost tooth.
- Pre-orthodontic surgery – aside from removing impacted teeth, these teeth will be exposed through surgical removal of the overlying gum tissue or bone.
- Pre-prosthetic surgery, which refers to procedures to construct or improve the function of dentures.
- Dental implants – To replace missing teeth using a crown, denture or bridge.
Disorders of the oral mucosa are common and they include ulcers, blistering, sore mouth and red and white patches.
Trauma to the head, neck and face range from simple injuries such as small cuts or loose teeth due to complex injuries involving the nerves or brain. Oral and Maxillofacial surgeons manage such injuries in a variety of settings and they provide complicated craniofacial reconstruction.
Reconstructive and Cosmetic Surgery
Reconstructive surgery restores the function of bone, nerves, and other tissues from other parts of the body to reconstruct the jaws and face. The common procedures performed in Cosmetic Surgery include the following:
- Rhinoplasty is a procedure to adjust the size or shape of the nose and its function
- Genioplasty is a procedure to address chin deformity
- Pinnaplasty is a procedure to correct a condition referred to as “bat ears”
- Cosmetic Procedures to improve appearance and reverse the signs of ageing, such as forehead lift; blepharoplasty to remove “eye bags;” Reshaping the lips and face lift.
In addition to the above procedures, oral and maxillofacial surgeons may be called to consult with cases of removal of lesions, and diagnosing and treating oral cancers.
From Treatment To Recovery, We Are Always There With You!
Medical Visa Letter
We provide a Medical visa letter for which we require the scanned passport copies of the patient and attendant.
Arrange An Appointment With A Surgeon
We arrange for the appointment with the surgeon, confirm for the hospital room and operation theatre (if required)
Post Surgery Follow Up
We help you to fix your telephonic appointment for future follow-ups
We arrange for complimentary pickup and drop services from the airport.
All The Necessary Arrangements
We arrange for hospital admission, forex exchange, sim card and local assistance
No Need To Worry About Essential Expenses!
We help in sorting out the hospital bill, return ticket, medicines and other essential purchases.
Frequently Asked Questions:
What does an Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon do?
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to treat a wide range of diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.
What are the causes of dental cavities?
Your oral cavity collects all sorts of bacteria, viruses, and fungi and they are generally harmless. But a high diet in sugar will create acid-producing bacteria resulting in dental cavities.
What causes gum inflammation?
A bacterium near your gumline is called plaque. Plaque accumulates, hardens, and migrates down the length of your tooth and if it is not removed regularly by brushing and flossing, can inflame your gums and cause gingivitis. Increased inflammation causes your gums to pull away from your teeth creating pockets in which pus may eventually collect. This stage of gum disease is called periodontitis.
How is oral ailments diagnosed?
Dental X-rays of your mouth will be recommended. Women who are pregnant should not take X-rays.
Why is a gum biopsy recommended?
A tool called a probe is used to measure your gum pockets and your dentist will be able to find out if you have gum disease or receding gums. In case, your dentist finds any abnormal lumps, lesions, or growths in your mouth, they may perform a gum biopsy.
How is Oral Cancer diagnosed?
During a gum biopsy, a small piece of tissue is removed from the growth or lesion. The sample is then sent to a laboratory for examination and to check for oral cancer.