Cervical Cancer Treatment
Women with cervical cancer may have concerns about their sexual activity, ability to give birth and other concerns which are to be addressed while planning the treatment plan. A multidisciplinary team of doctors including a gynecology oncologist is on the team. Surgery is usually the first line of treatment depending on the stage of cancer. The patient should be well aware of the possible complications and side-effects of the treatment where initiating any modality.
Surgery for Cervical Cancer
It is the done to remove the cancerous part and some of the nearby normal tissue. In cases where cancer has not spread beyond the cervix, one of the following surgical procedures can be performed:
Conization for Cervical Cancer: used in micro-invasive cancer which can only be seen under a microscope. It is like a cone biopsy and removes very early stages of cervical cancer.
LEEP for Cervical Cancer: is the use of small wire passing electric current in it to target the cancer tissue and remove it. Again, it is used in micro-invasive cancers.
Hysterectomy for Cervical Cancer: it can be either simple or radical. In case of less intensive cancers, simple hysterectomy i.e. removal of uterus and cervix is done. But, in cases of higher grade cancers, a radical hysterectomy procedure is the one in which uterus, cervix, upper vagina and tissue around the cervix are removed.
In these cases, a lymph node dissection in the pelvic area is also performed which means all the lymph nodes in the pelvic region are removed. Sometimes bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is also required along with hysterectomy. Here, both the ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed.
Radical trachelectomy for Cervical Cancer: in this surgical procedure, the cervix is removed but the uterus is not. It is done in those patients who want to have the ability to give childbirth. In this procedure, all the pelvic lymph nodes are removed though.
In the patients where cervical cancer has already spread beyond the cervix, the following procedure may be used:
Exenteration for Cervical Cancer: It involves the removal of vagina, uterus, lower colon, rectum or bladder. Basically, all these if cancer has spread to these organs. It is mostly done in recurrent cases of cancer.
All these surgical procedures may affect the sexual health of women. So, before going for any surgery, you should clear all your doubts with the doctor.
Radiation therapy for Cervical Cancer
A radiation oncologist plans the radiation therapy schedule for the patient. It can be planned before surgery to shrink the size of cancer before its surgical excision. It is also continued after the surgery. Most commonly external beam radiation therapy is used. Internal therapy includes brachytherapy in which the radiation is given by inserting a radiation emitting device through the vagina.
Chemotherapy for Cervical Cancer
Uses medicines to kill the cancer cells and is usually given before the surgery to reduce the size of cancer. It is also continued after surgery in some cases. These medications do not differentiate between the normal and the cancer cells. So, the most common side effects are:
- Temporary hair loss
- Taste sensation loss
- Nausea and vomiting
Other therapies for Cervical Cancer
Other therapies used in cervical cancer include hormonal therapy, biological therapy, targeted therapy etc.
Cost of Cancer Treatment
Due to our long-standing association, we are able to ensure lowest treatment cost for our patients for cancer diagnosis and treatment. We ensure treatment through most advanced LINAC i.e. TrueBeam. At the same time, our rates are lowest in India.
- Cost of PET Scan is USD 200
- Any Cancer Surgery will be provided within USD 4500 - 6000
- Chemotherapy per cycle: USD 450
- Radiation Treatment : USD 2500 - 5000